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A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable - Eric Janszen

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  • A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable - Eric Janszen

    A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

    Thirty-seven years ago the world’s economies started on the circular track back to Bretton Woods. We will sooner or later be back where we started, with international transactions guided by a fixed gold price.

    The official output of the G-20 Summit is 3366 words, including 61 instances of the word “should” as in “Financial institutions must also bear their responsibility for the turmoil and should do their part to overcome it including by recognizing losses” and “Incentives should be aligned to avoid excessive risk-taking” and “Regulators should enhance their coordination and cooperation across all segments of financial markets” to cite only the first three. The entire rambling tract says in sum, “We met. We talked. We agreed that serious challenges to the world economy and financial markets exist but are not so serious as to compel us to do anything about them. There is so little urgency that we decided not to meet again until the spring of 2009 to talk about the crisis more.”

    The only intriguing output that passel of pattering public servants managed to produce is a rumor that the topic of gold came up in the meeting. Judy Sheldon, writing for the Wall Street Journal on Friday, in her article Stable Money Is the Key to Recovery: How the G-20 can rebuild the 'capitalism of the future said:
    "What can an exchange rate really mean," he wrote in "Changing Fortunes" (1992), "in terms of everything a textbook teaches about rational economic decision making, when it changes by 30% or more in the space of 12 months only to reverse itself? What kind of signals does that send about where a businessman should intelligently invest his capital for long-term profitability? In the grand scheme of economic life first described by Adam Smith, in which nations like individuals should concentrate on the things they do best, how can anyone decide which country produces what most efficiently when the prices change so fast? The answer, to me, must be that such large swings are a symptom of a system in disarray."

    If we are to "build together the capitalism of the future," as Mr. Sarkozy puts it, the world needs sound money. Does that mean going back to a gold standard, or gold-based international monetary system? Perhaps so; it's hard to imagine a more universally accepted standard of value.

    Gold has occupied a primary place in the world's monetary history and continues to be widely held as a reserve asset. The central banks of the G-20 nations hold two-thirds of official world gold reserves; include the gold reserves of the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank and the Bank for International Settlements, and the figure goes to nearly 80%, representing about 15% of all the gold ever mined.

    Ironically, it was French President Charles de Gaulle who best made the case in the 1960s. Worried that the U.S. would be tempted to abuse its role as key currency issuer by exporting domestic inflation, he called for the return to a classical international gold standard. "Gold," he observed, "has no nationality."

    Alan Greenspan a year ago recommended the same, as we noted at the time.

    We’re glad a WSJ writer said this before we did. We’d get labeled goldbugs for asserting that not only is a return to an international gold standard necessary to restore the global financial system, it is an eventuality. Greenspan and the WJS get away with it because they are the WSJ and Alan Greenspan. Who are we but a bunch of fruitcakes who backed up the truck and bought gold at $270 in 2001? What do we know?

    Note: An international gold standard does not require a return to national gold standards by participating nations. In an international gold standard gold is only relevant for international transactions between nations. Fiat currencies, such as the dollar, euro, and yen, remain in use for domestic transactions within countries.

    Still Questioning Fashionable Financial Advice

    In our original August 2001 article Questioning Fashionable Financial Advice we made the case to readers to buy gold when it was trading at $270, we offered the following argument that was as offensive to goldbugs as to the gold phobic.
    Do you know of any commodity that the world's central banks hold in such large amounts? The world's central banks have had over 30 years since gold was disconnected from currencies to sell their gold. But they haven't. According to the International Monetary Fund, "Total official holdings have been reduced by 3,000 tons, or less than 10%, over the past 30 years." (Source -- World Gold Council) The question is, if they don't think they need it, why haven't they sold it? The standard answer is that they have too much of it to sell without negatively impacting the price of the remaining gold they possess and hurting economically allied nations that produce gold. The problem with this argument is that the world's central banks have had 30 years since the demise of the Breton Woods system to sell their gold. Methods for selling gold without significantly impacting price or hurting gold producing countries are well documented (see "Can Government Gold Be Put to Better Use? Qualitative and Quantitative Effects of Alternative Policies"). It's hard to imagine that sales of an average of 3.3% of holdings per year over 30 years, an amount that represents a small percentage of annual gold mining output, will have had a significant impact on the gold price.
    Part of our investment theses since then is that monetary gold, rather than natural or honest money, is an artifact of ancient government money protocol. Most histories of gold coinage begin with the factoid of King Croesus of Lydia introducing gold coins around 643-630 B.C. but without explaining why; to enable the collection of taxes not in pigs and grain but in coin that the servants of the king and state could not manufacture on their own. Kingdoms and governments liked this arrangement so much that from then until the last century gold coin grew to become the most widely accepted form of tax payment collection globally, and so became the coin of many realms for domestic and international commerce as well.

    As economies and commerce grew more complex, fractional reserve banking based on gold reserves, the true risk-free reserve asset, evolved. The 30,000 tons of gold that central banks still hoard in their vaults 37 years after the end of the gold standard is an artifact of that ancient evolution. In our usual habit of asking the most obvious question, when we did our analysis in 2001 we pondered: Why do central banks own 30,000 tones of gold when the stuff has had no monetary purpose for decades? Why not sell it over that time and hold "risk-free" government bonds instead that earn interest? How many hundreds of billions of dollars in interest income have central banks lost by not holding “risk free” government bonds instead of gold all this time? How can central banks justify this apparent fiduciary delinquency and waste?

    The answer is obvious once you have asked the question. A central bank without gold reserves today is like a stunt pilot without a parachute. The stunt since 1971 is maintaining stable international currency values in a system of fiat money and floating exchange rates, difficult but possible when the global economy and money supply are expanding but impossible when debt, the hangover from a 27 year long credit bubble, is deflating worldwide.

    We’ve been here before

    In the 1930s, nations abandoned the gold standard one by one, then formed into three currency blocks that commenced a global monetary circular firing squad. The three groups engaging in competitive currency devaluation in turns in desperate attempts to export deflation to each other by means of depreciating the value of their respective currencies. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act was America’s unimaginative defense. It famously made matters worse; in 1933, after the US money supply collapsed 40% and bank credit 50% since 1929, by devaluing the dollar 69% against gold FDR, a unilateral deflation of the dollar against gold that created a near instantaneous 40% monetary inflation.

    There can be little argument that WWII was rooted in the political fallout of the global depression. Populations made angry and destitute by the depression electing various flavors of dictator to bang heads together to set things right. After the war, the international monetary regime developed at Bretton Woods was designed to avoid a repeat scenario that follows the folly of credit inflation, should such a dangerous error be allowed by the ignorant and greedy to develop again: financial crash, economic contraction, debt deflation, economic depression, political instability, dictatorship, war.

    The development of America’s first ever current account deficit under the Bretton Woods system appeared at $400 million in Q1 1971 and grew to $1.17 billion by Q4, a tenth of one percent of GDP. That was enough to send US trade partners scrambling for payment in US Treasury gold rather than soon-to-be devalued dollars. In response, Richard M. Nixon first "temporarily suspended" gold convertibility, then devalued the dollar twice two years later in 1973. Gold convertibility was never restored. In the intervening years, the US current account deficit has ballooned to $183 billion, by a factor of 158 while US GDP grew by a factor of only 12.

    Central banks have not had to use their gold reserve parachutes, but the circumstances we face today are precisely what they are there for: to permit the simultaneous reflation of all currencies in the event that another 1930s style global deflation recurs.

    To us, the question of a global reflation of currencies and deflation of debt against gold is a matter of when and how not if. The cost will be born unequally, with debtors like the US gaining more benefit and creditors like Japan and China less. In a world where trillions in currencies swim the global currency markets sea daily, the re-institution of an international gold standard with some formula of fixed exchange rates, even if temporary, will be wildly disruptive and costly to the global economy, and more to some nations than others. This is why we don’t see this happening until global economic conditions resulting from debt deflation grow much more dire; the economic and political costs of the ongoing debt deflation must outweigh the costs of implementing a new international gold standard.

    More daunting, as the costs and benefits of that solution are unequal, who will provide the necessary leadership? Imposing a new world monetary order in 1944 was a simple matter in the wake of WWII when only one nation, the US, stood economically and militarily strong enough to drive all nations to consensus. In a multi-polar world, how will consensus be gained, especially if economic hardship is once again motivating populations to demand expedient solutions, and autocratic government makes a comeback, never mind that one major party at the table, China, is autocratic now?

    Will gold re-monetization make me rich if I own gold?

    Is gold re-monetization good for gold owners? We’ve seen calculations of potential future post re-monetization prices such as those suggested by Larry Edelson over at Money and Markets ranging from $5,300 to $53,000 per ounce. We have since 2001 forecast a $5,000 peak gold price, but that estimate is based on a set of metrics, such as the ratio of gold to the DOW that we anticipate at the top of a global currency crisis, not post re-monetization gold reserve ratios. Less important than the gold price to gold owners, however, is the ugly political and legal environment, not to mention the social atmosphere, that is likely to exist at the time that economic conditions drive international parties to the table to hammer out a new international gold standard.

    The range of future popular opinion of private gold holders under those drastic circumstances ranges from villain or hero and everything in between. If gold owners are vilified, you can count on a less than friendly government policies on gold taxation and possession. The 1933 confiscation was strictly old school; the modern approach is more likely to take the form of a 90% capital gains tax on private gold sales with high penalties to encourage sales to the government at a fixed price and slow a popular rush to the metal, and of course create an enormous black market in the bargain. If that sounds paranoid, you haven’t been watching the news lately.

    To time a new international gold standard you have to think in terms of the G-20 time-line. A year into the debt deflation, global leaders have yet to acknowledge it is the root problem, let alone do anything but issue vague “should do this” and “should do that” official statements, let alone propose a radical solution like gold re-monetization to bring the devastating effects of debt deflation under control. Our forecast two years ago of a severe post housing bubble recession was strictly tin foil hat at the time, as was our call of a bottom in the price of gold 2001, as this latest forecast will appear to many.

    Rounding the bend, back to Bretton Woods

    Another year or two must pass before the collapse of global economies motivates bold policy moves to address the root of the problem, how to deflate all of the excessive debt. Even then the question remains: without dominant economic and political leadership, who can herd the cats–the US, the EU, Japan, China–who may be fighting like cats in a sack, to a mutually beneficial accommodation when the costs and benefits are unequal? Yet the alternatives are either a new circular firing squad of competitive currency devaluation or ongoing destruction of economies around the world by debt deflation.

    We cannot say, of course, how the impending crash of the world’s national and regional economies on the track back to the Bretton Woods international gold standard will turn out, but only a diehard optimist can imagine we all escape without a scratch.

    Our position has not changed since 2001. Central banks own gold for good reason: the global monetary system is fatally flawed. They don’t trust each other, and so why should we trust them? The only new issue we’ve raised here, now that events are developing more or less as expected, is this: when the time comes, will owning gold do us any good? Is there some other asset we should own either in addition or instead?
    __________________________________________________

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    Last edited by FRED; 11-16-08, 08:56 PM.

  • #2
    Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

    I think it is important at this time to remind Itulip's readership of the golden rule.

    "He who has the guns, get's to keep the gold and the food and the water and ..."

    That's why the the majority of those with a high portfolio allocation in physical PMs are armed to the teeth (or have it stored outside the US). Gold is insurance, guns are insurance on the insurance.

    Not melodrama, unfortunately.

    I don't think it's a coincidence that the states with the highest amount of physical PM ownership also have some of the highest firearm ownership levels as well. AZ, UT, TX, OK, the rest of the South and the Red Western states.

    There is a reason for this.

    (no, it's not to fight to the death, all though some/ many would)

    It is a PREEMPTIVE message to those in power.

    "We are here, we are proud, don't fuck with us."

    "You tried this shit once and got away with it"

    "We are students of history, and are better armed, better informed, and communicate better with each other. Try it again and you may not get so lucky a second time. We hope you won't try it, but we also are not so stupid as to think that you won't at least think about it. So think REALLY HARD about it, are you feeling lucky? We hope not, but we are ready if you think you want to try."

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

      I just can't see it. This could be a generational disconnect, the only thing I've ever known or has existed in my lifetime is the current system, so I don't know what a gold-backed system looks like. But the reason we went off gold was because we were losing our power to the current system because we weren't economically strong enough to justify our then-current position. So I don't see why the Fed or government would subject our country to the gold standard just for us to continue that decline that Nixon got us out of in the 1970s, unless they plan on using the fact that most governments' gold is physically held in New York.

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

        Originally posted by jtabeb View Post
        "We are here, we are proud, don't fuck with us."
        I like that.

        "We are students of history, and are better armed, better informed, and communicate better with each other. Try it again and you may not get so lucky a second time. We hope you won't try it, but we also are not so stupid as to think that you won't at least think about it. So think REALLY HARD about it, are you feeling lucky? We hope not, but we are ready if you think you want to try."
        Americans aren't going to look kindly on any militias or descendants of David Koresh, especially after 9/11.

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

          Originally posted by rj1 View Post
          I just can't see it. This could be a generational disconnect, the only thing I've ever known or has existed in my lifetime is the current system, so I don't know what a gold-backed system looks like. But the reason we went off gold was because we were losing our power to the current system because we weren't economically strong enough to justify our then-current position. So I don't see why the Fed or government would subject our country to the gold standard just for us to continue that decline that Nixon got us out of in the 1970s, unless they plan on using the fact that most governments' gold is physically held in New York.
          Hey would could just confiscate it from foreign goverments unilaterally, Brilliant!

          Comment


          • #6
            Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

            Powerful stuff. This raises the important question that owning physical gold is not enough in and of itself. You need to own physical in the "right jurisdiction". The choices here are shrinking rapidly. My favourite choice here would be Singapore.

            Funnily enough, while the US may eventually be the proud owner of a worthless currency, the US also holds a quarter of all official CB gold reserves. China's gold holdings are puny by comparison. Unfortunately for the Chinese, it may be too late - Sellers in the quantities the Chinese Government may want are few and far between.

            Comment


            • #7
              Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

              Originally posted by rj1 View Post



              Americans aren't going to look kindly on any militias or descendants of David Koresh, especially after 9/11.

              Like I said we are students of history, All Americans. Let's hope we are all well-read enough to matter when it matters.

              Comment


              • #8
                Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                Anyone have an opinion of DGP, the double long gold ETF?

                Comment


                • #9
                  Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                  Originally posted by jtabeb View Post
                  Like I said we are students of history, All Americans. Let's hope we are all well-read enough to matter when it matters.
                  Americans aren't going to care about the rights of a bunch of people they think are nutjobs.

                  Comment


                  • #10
                    Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                    Originally posted by jtabeb View Post
                    I think it is important at this time to remind Itulip's readership of the golden rule.

                    "He who has the guns, get's to keep the gold and the food and the water and ..."

                    That's why the the majority of those with a high portfolio allocation in physical PMs are armed to the teeth (or have it stored outside the US). Gold is insurance, guns are insurance on the insurance.

                    Not melodrama, unfortunately.


                    I don't think it's a coincidence that the states with the highest amount of physical PM ownership also have some of the highest firearm ownership levels as well. AZ, UT, TX, OK, the rest of the South and the Red Western states.

                    There is a reason for this.

                    (no, it's not to fight to the death, all though some/ many would)

                    It is a PREEMPTIVE message to those in power.

                    "We are here, we are proud, don't fuck with us."

                    "You tried this shit once and got away with it"

                    "We are students of history, and are better armed, better informed, and communicate better with each other. Try it again and you may not get so lucky a second time. We hope you won't try it, but we also are not so stupid as to think that you won't at least think about it. So think REALLY HARD about it, are you feeling lucky? We hope not, but we are ready if you think you want to try."
                    Maybe John Howard was a more forward thinking PM of Australia than I gave him credit for......he confiscated all the firearms!!! So, we are toast!

                    Comment


                    • #11
                      Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                      Originally posted by rj1 View Post
                      Americans aren't going to care about the rights of a bunch of people they think are nutjobs.
                      Well, color me a bit more naive and idealisitic. That's fine. I rather live for a dream and fall short vs not having tried.

                      No one individually can do a damn thing. Pretty much true. But alot of people each doing small things can collectively make a big difference.

                      Gesh, go see the BEE MOVIE already!

                      Comment


                      • #12
                        Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                        What happened to the price of silver when gold was confiscated during the Great Depression?

                        Comment


                        • #13
                          Alternatives to Gold - Selected International Equities?

                          (I'm talking wealth *preservation* in what follows. And I'm wondering also how a gold-standard currency system will increase the value of gold. I'll post a request for clarification on that separately)

                          I think find the idea of holding wealth in the form of something productive is more appealing than holding it in currency, gold included (after all these years of doing just that). After all, if we want to be able to sell some of our wealth for "stuff" or services in the future, what better a hedge against volatile prices for stuff, to be a producer oneself of other stuff, which will track the price of the stuff we want?

                          Compare with gold:

                          - Can both be held abroad if capital controls and confiscation are a fear.
                          - Capital gains taxation on productive assets can't be expected to be particularly punitive (contrast a "Miser's Tax" against people who locked away gold coins and contributed nothing to the economic fight)
                          - Inflation hedge that's more direct than gold.
                          - Counterparty risk. Get your hands on share certificates and no real fear of theft or defalcation by a broker.

                          After filtering for the walking-dead (debt burdened producers of useful stuff) the only fear is that traded equities overall will fall further due to liquidation and fears of demand reduction for stuff, but perhaps if you pick the right sectors and parts of the world, the risk of a price decline is worth having in a portfolio in order to hedge currency and de/in-flation risks?

                          Large oil companies, "plantation" stocks, miners of resources needed for renewable energy and high technology.

                          Comment


                          • #14
                            Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                            Originally posted by WDCRob View Post
                            What happened to the price of silver when gold was confiscated during the Great Depression?
                            i find this line more productive than the 'don't fuck with us, we got guns' line.

                            he's not saying confiscation but taxes. really... are guns going to save you from the irs? have you tried that re your income taxes? :eek:

                            silver makes a smaller target but i can see how the gov't might tax it for non-industrial use. same with platinum.

                            what's that leave as a hard asset, rocks?

                            Comment


                            • #15
                              Re: A return to the Bretton Woods international gold standard is inevitable

                              Originally posted by rj1 View Post
                              I just can't see it. This could be a generational disconnect, the only thing I've ever known or has existed in my lifetime is the current system, so I don't know what a gold-backed system looks like. But the reason we went off gold was because we were losing our power to the current system because we weren't economically strong enough to justify our then-current position. So I don't see why the Fed or government would subject our country to the gold standard just for us to continue that decline that Nixon got us out of in the 1970s, unless they plan on using the fact that most governments' gold is physically held in New York.
                              maybe the generational difference is the ability to comprehend the difference between the international gold standard, used for international transactions, and a national gold standard for every nation... usa, france, japan, etc., etc.. he is not talking about a gold standard in the usa or anywhere. the article is about an INTERNATIONAL gold standards, ala bretton woods. don't they teach you kids this stuff in high school?

                              Comment

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